Pregnant women often struggle with acne, especially since many are unsure which acne medications are safe to use during pregnancy and which ones should be avoided. This page provides an overview of treatments approved for pregnant women; however, always consult a doctor before using any medication during pregnancy.
The method by which these medications get exposed to your body is crucial. Oral prescriptions tend to contaminate your system more than creams, gels, and oils. Hence, your fetus has less exposure to these topical ointments than to pills.
Safe Acne Treatments During Pregnancy and Common Medication Side Effects
Benzoyl Peroxide (Benzac, Benzamycin, Beroxyl, Desquam, Triaz, Vanoxide)
Benzoyl peroxide is one of the most generally accepted product for the treatment of acne. It usually come in 2.5%, 5% and 10 % ( maximum) solutions. It is more effective as an antibacterial and exfoliant due to it’s oxidation properties. You body absorbs as much as 5% of whatever dose you use. Though I must add that no scientific productivity researches has been carried out with Benzoyl Peroxide which means the risk level is unknow. However, it’s high acceptance among the users, no negative reports and it’s topical nature comfirms it all overall risk is likely to be at a it the lowest among it peers.
Hormone Therapy For Acne:
Female hormones are widely used to treat acne. Flutamide and Spironolactone may be passed to the fetus and cause birth defects. Estrogens and other anti androgens should not be used during pregnancy. It is yet not known if these hormones are passed to the breast-feeding child. They should therefore be avoided during breast-feeding. As a cautionary measure, during pregnancy and while breast-feeding use every medication only after consulting your doctor.
Azelaic Acid (Azelex)
Azelaic Acid (Azelex, Finacea, Finevin) is a topical cream for moderate acne with antibacterial properties. There is little risk to the fetus, but there haven’t been any human studies to provide any useful information. Despite general belief that oral contraceptive pills for acne will harm the baby if continued, there is no evidence showing women to be at a higher risk for defects.
Hydrocortisone (Vanoxide-HC; w/ benzoyl peroxide)
Hydrocortisone is a topical steroid commonly prescribed for Acne and similar skin ailments. While most studies conducted have indicated no significant increase in birth defects risk, there was an association with a rise in split palate versus what was predicted in mice. As hydrocortisone is usually used as a topical anti-inflammatory, its chances of increasing birth defects to any noticeable degree are probably low.
Salicylic Acid (Sal Ac, Beta Hydroxy, BHA)
Salicylic acid is also typically used in creams and lotions to treat acne, warts and other dermatological problems, but there are no well-defined investigations specifically aimed at evaluating the risk of the use of topical salicylic acid in pregnancy. Research on pregnant women exposed to clindamycin throughout pregnancy did not show an increased risk for major malformations to the fetus.
Some herbal remedies for acne are safe to use during pregnancy, but again, always consult your doctor. Don’t assume that “herbal” means “safe” – it doesn’t! Herbal medications and supplements can be very powerful, so always talk to your doctor.
Pregnant women do not have to suffer from acne. With care and research, and the help of your doctor, you CAN take steps to clear your skin.